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Beekeeping abroad. Part 2

Beekeeping abroad. Part 2

The level of development of beekeeping and the productivity of honey in different countries of the world depends on environmental and climatic factors, as well as the economy, legal framework and other conditions. Australia is a country with a high level of ecology and a climate favorable for breeding bees and producing honey. Mild weather conditions and small temperature differences allow experienced Australian beekeepers to pump bee product all year round. The beekeeping industry has been taken under strict legislative and veterinary control, so there are almost no pests here, which means that it is necessary to spray honey-bearing plants with pesticides. Australia’s honey is highly pure; 70-80% of the total volume of the bee product is eucalyptus. Australia’s beekeepers are mostly professionals who practice the nomadic method of collecting nectar. In recent years, Australia has been increasing the production of the most valuable manuka honey, which displeases neighboring New Zealand, which until recently was a monopoly in this area.

Beekeeping Abroad: Secrets of the “Honey Superpower”

China is one of the world leaders in the production of honey and bee products. More than 100 thousand farms are engaged in breeding bees and producing honey and royal jelly. Products are exported to the UK and other European countries. Honey is produced here mainly from cotton, buckwheat and sunflower, as well as specific honey plants: lychee, sesame, medlar. The bulk of Chinese beekeepers are simple peasants. Apiaries for them are not a hobby, but their main income, therefore, as a rule, many hives are kept in one courtyard at once. Interestingly, 85% of the bees in China are European, characterized by good health and high productivity; Asian bees are mainly used as pollinators.

Until the 70s. XX century. the state controlled all processes in the beekeeping industry in China. To date, government intervention is minimal and consists only in mandatory veterinary control. The sale of queen bees and honey products in China is not subject to taxation. The main problem of Chinese beekeeping is the massive use of pesticides, which causes the death of flying bees. Also, beekeepers often feed striped workers with sugar, which is why the honey is not of high quality.

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